After the Roman Empire fell, wigs weren’t often used until the mid 16th century, when they were used by people who had no hair or thinning hair. Because hair attracted head lice, people often shaved their hair and used wigs to keep the lice away. They could de-louse the wig a lot easier than they could de-louse their own hair.
Royalty used wigs in the 17th century; such wigs were worn by both the males and females. In learning about wigs, you’ll see that such wigs weren’t intended to look natural but were designed in unique colours. There was no such thing as a blond wig or a black wig; wigs were in bright red colours or in powdered white or blue. Wigs in the 17th century were at least of shoulder length, as long hair was in vogue and most people didn’t have the patience to grow their hair that long. In learning about wigs, you’ll find that there were popular styles back then that look much different from wigs of today’s times. It was King Louis the XIII and King Louis the XIV that popularised wigs among men. Some were afraid of wearing wigs in that era because the hair was cut from people who had died of the plague. Wigs could still get lice so they had to be deloused regularly.
In learning about wigs, you’ll find that most wigs of the historic period were made from human hair, although goat hair and horse hair was used on cheaper wigs. They didn’t have the capabilities to make synthetic hair wigs at that time. In the 18th century, men powdered their wigs to make them super white or to have them be a slightly off white colour.